Allison's Book Bag

Posts Tagged ‘endangered birds

Moonbird: A Year on the Wind with the Great Survivor B95 by Phillip Hoose is not just your ordinary nonfiction book. It’s not even your average book about birds or endangered animals. Rather it’s on multiple lists of the best books of 2012, which is where I first encountered it. Moonbird is also the recipient of The Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Medal Honor, which is why I first decided to read it. It has even won several awards for best science book.

Hoose focuses on an individual bird: B95, a red knot who is also known as Moonbird. Moonbird first gained the attention of scientists in 1995. At the time, the bird was just one of over 850 red knots to be banded in Tierra del Fuego in South America as part of research into migratory routes. Records show that Moonbird had adult plumage, which means he was at least three years old. Six years later, in 2001, one of the birds from that banding was snared again, just miles from where he had been originally caught. The inscription on his band read B95, so labeled to represent the series (out of A and B) and the number from the first banding expedition. When he turned up again at Tierra del Fuego in 2003, the entire rufa subspecies of red knots were plunging towards extinction, which made Moonbird more than an extraordinary pilot who could find his way back to migratory routes year after year. It also made him a survivor.

The choice on Hoose’s part to focus on an individual bird was deliberate. Hoose had previously written a book about the ivory-billed woodpecker. A fellow conservationist knew Hoose was looking for another bird species to write about; in particular, Hoose wanted one that was in danger of becoming extinct but for which there was still hope. Hoose’s friend suggested the red knots, which take unbelievably long migration routes. Hoose wasn’t convinced. Stories need characters. And then his friend told him about a bird who scientists kept seeing year after year. The bird had by then flown so far that it had earned the nickname of Moonbird, having flown in its lifetime the equivalent of a journey to the moon and back. And because Hoose picked an individual bird, he could weave passages like this one: “B95 can feel it. A stirring in his bones and feathers. It’s time. Today is the day he will once again cast himself into the air, spiral upward into the clouds, and bank into the wind….”

Obviously, an entire nonfiction book probably isn’t going to be written in the style I quoted above. And Moonbird isn’t. That said, in focusing at times on an individual bird, Hoose did afford himself the opportunity to spin Moonbird’s story into one of suspense. In 2009, as part of his research into B95’s story, Hoose flew to Tierra del Fuego. The next morning, he joined a research team that was attempting to catch, band, and study red knots. He hoped among those red knots to find B95 — who would be at least seventeen years old. B95 had been captured four times previously, always in the Tierra del Fuego area and in the summer. As the research team hid themselves and waited, many of them wondered: “Can B95 still be alive?” In the end, 156 knots were captured, but none were B95. The question had to be asked: “Has his time finally come?” In subsequent chapters, Hoose steps back to explain the physiology of red knots, the nature of their breeding grounds, and the importance of crabs to their survival, to name just a few topics. He also at times steps forward to update readers on additional red knot sightings, all the while continuing to hope that B95 is out there “somewhere safe and comfortable as the night hurries by”.

I must compliment the book for having all the perks one would expect of a well-written nonfiction book. The photos, varied in size, are beautiful and captioned. There are sample sidebars and profiles, with the latter focusing on pioneers in the field of shorebird research and other notable conservation efforts in the story of the red knot survival. Young people should find inspiring the biography of Mike Hudson, who at age ten formed Friends of the Red Knot, a group which started with about fifteen to twenty members. For cynics who think that letters to officials and other petitions are pointless, Hudson’s efforts will prove them wrong. The group researched the law and knew the red knot could meet the criteria for being listed as an endangered species. The group wrote postcards every day to the secretary of the interior, created a display at the Nature Center at Delaware Bay, made presentations, and testified at hearings. Through their efforts, they gained the support of their city council. Last, the book includes a section about what the average person can do to help, along with extensive source notes and a bibliography.

To end my review, I’d like to share Hoose’s thoughts on an all-important question: “Why should you care?” First, plants and animals keep us alive and improve our lives. For example, most of our medicine and foods come from them. They also inspire feats such as human aviation and teach us about functions we take for granted such as how we see. Second, each life form is fascinating and mysterious in its own right. Each species with which we share the earth is a success story. Consider B95. His species of the red knot are still at a dangerously low level, but B95 was nearly twenty years old and still being spotted. As such, he is a symbol of hope for those throughout the world who love shorebirds. Let’s hear it for this amazing bird and for author Phillip Hoose who has captured Moonbird’s incredible story in a must-read book.

My rating? Bag it: Carry it with you. Make it a top priority to read.

How would you rate this book?

In 2010, a rufu red knot carrying the band of B95 but more affectionately known in the conservationist world as Moonbird became the oldest of his kind on record. Why does this fact matter? When B95 was first banded, scientists estimated there were about 150,000 rufu in existence. Now due to changes in their migratory stopover sites and even in the air through which they fly have plummeted their numbers to less than 25,000. Scientists wonder how has this one bird kept going year after year, when so many of his companions have died? Moonbird has inspired action across the world to help save the rufu from extinction.

Calidris canutus rufa, breeding plumage
photo from Wikipedia

Yesterday I posted an interview with Phillip Hoose, the author of Moonbird: A Year on the Wind with the Great Survivor B95. Tomorrow I’ll share my review of his book. In the meantime, here are some ways that you can help all birds, including the red knot and other shorebirds. Please note that all these ideas are from Hoose’s well-researched book and none are my original ideas.

Know your birds.

Learn to identify birds, starting with the common birds that come to your yard. Make a list of those you recognize. Pick up a field guide and try identify other birds. You might even learn to identify their songs. Study with ones who best know the birds, such as a local Audobon Society, which you can find by clicking on this link: Location Search

Get involved in projects.

  • Shorebird sisters program Some years ago an Alaskan schoolteacher decided to build an information sharing email network linking schools across the Pacific migratory flyway. Students from each migratory stopover site could report their observations by sending emails to all schools participating in the program. Starting in 1994, seventeen schools were connected. The network is now managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and includes schools from Latin American countries, Japan, and Russia, besides the United States.
  • Wandering wildlife: This project of the Alaska Science Center uses satellite technology to track migrating animals. Included among the animals tracked are shorebirds, as they migrate across oceans and continents. When you click on the indicated species, it will load a series of migration routes. Once you get the message “Why is this study important?” you can click on an individual bird and watch where it traveled from on a daily basis.
  • RARE Pride campaigns: The organization trains local conservation leaders to change the way communities relate to nature.
  • Friends of the Red Knot: Spearheaded by Mike Hudson, the club was formed when some students from Maryland decided to unite to find ways to help the Red Knot bird.
  • Scientific Studies of Birds: Hoose writes that the “opportunity to work with birds in the wild, to witness their activities up close, or even to hold them in your hand can change your life”. For those who live in the northeastern United States, one way to experience first-hand involvement is through the banding program of the Manomet Center for Conservation Studies.

In his appendix, Hoose also emphasizes the importance of showing respect to shoreline birds. Observe them at a safe distance. Don’t spook them. Remember that every time shorebirds are flushed from a feeding position or roosting spot, they burn energy that they will ultimately need to replenish.


  • FOLLOW the arrival of Moonbird and rufa red knots on Delaware Bay
  • READ MORE about the Rufa Red Knot and the organizations that help them
  • VISIT the Nature Convervancy’s Rufa Red Knot page
  • SUPPORT Moonbird and rufa red knots

PhillipHooseA graduate of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, Phillip Hoose worked almost forty years with The Nature Conservancy, an organization dedicated to preserving the animals, plants, natural communities of the Earth. Hoose recently came to my attention when, as part of award month at Allison’s Book Bag, I decided to read a nonfiction selection of his. Moonbird by Phillip Hoose earned the 2013 Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Medal Honor.

Hoose is an award-winning author of books, essays, stories, and articles. Although his first audience was adults, Hoose began writing for children and young adults in part to keep up with his own daughters. His children’s book, Hey, Little Ant was inspired by his daughter Ruby and co-authored by his daughter Hannah. Hoose has also written other titles fro young people including Moonbird.

As a songwriter and performing musician, Hoose has additional accolades. These include being the founding member of the Children’s Music Network and a member of the band Chipped Enamel.

Today I’m honored to present my interview with Hoose. I spoke to him about activism, writing, and about Moonbird. Return tomorrow for tips on how you can help protect the endangered Rufu Red Knot, the most famous of which is Moonbird. Then check out my review on Saturday. Save the dates: March 7-8!

ALLISON: When did you first become interested in the environment and activism?

PHILLIP: I was outdoors a lot as a child. Without realizing it, I was noticing, and classifying, and loving the things I saw.

ALLISON: What was it like working for The Nature Conservancy?

PHILLIP: Rewarding. I believe deeply in the Conservancy’s mission of protecting earth’s life forms by protecting their habitats. It works. I worked with dedicated people who knew a lot and didn’t mind sharing their knowledge. I didn’t ride on an airplane till I was 20. Started working for the Conservancy when I was 30. By the time I was 40, I had slept at least three nights in every state.

ALLISON: What are the lows of being an activist?

PHILLIP: Not being able to help people and improve situations you really care about. Things can go wrong, and it hurts when you care deeply. Injustice causes pain and anger, and you feel it.

ALLISON: What are the highs of being an activist?

PHILLIP: Community. Working with others to achieve common goals. Singing together is the absolute best.

ALLISON: What is your favorite cause?

PHILLIP: Impossible to answer. I love music. The Children’s Music Network is certainly one. Check them out at:

ALLISON: Why writing as your means of activism?

PHILLIP: Writing is what I do. It’s second nature to me now, like breathing out and breathing in, to quote Prof. Higgins.

ALLISON: Why did you switch from writing for adults to writing for young people?

PHILLIP: While I was between books my daughter Hannah’s kindergarten class decided not to throw away their artwork, but rather to save it and have a silent auction. They raised $552 for a homeless shelter. I thought, wow, there must be a bunch of examples of young people making positive change. So I did the research, wrote It’s Our World Too!, and I was off!

ALLISON: How did you come to write about the Moon Bird?

PHILLIP: My friend Charles Duncan, an ornithologist, told me about this bionic individual that was attracting the hemisphere’s attention. He (B95 is a he) was becoming a rock star. Statues were being built of him. It was just such a great-sounding story. I jumped on a plane and went down to Tierra del Fuego to try to find him.

ALLISON: What are the highlights you would like to get across about the survival of the Moon Bird?

PHILLIP: There is a worldwide crisis of species loss, and shorebirds are among the life forms declining most rapidly. All living creatures are survivors of evolution’s trials and errors. The creatures you see have figured out ways to keep going. it’s worth it to learn about their attributes and strategies, and to help them along the way, rather than carelessly letting them wink out. The earth is a better, far more interesting place with them than without them.

ALLISON: As a nonfiction writer, how do you compete with the likes of Hunger Games and other best-selling fiction for young people?

PHILLIP: I don’t. I go to their movies and hope someday Hollywood will see the film potential in some of my books so that readers can go to my movies.

ALLISON: What is it like to go on tour as a nonfiction author? What would a sample presentation be like?

PHILLIP: Well, on my Moonbird tour I narrated a powerpoint of the images in the book and then took part in what was usually a vigorous discussion afterwards. Part way through the presentation I stopped, fetched a concealed guitar and sang the Delaware Bay Blues with them. How great to hear a room full of people scream “I need eggs!!!!!” Here’s the song:

ALLISON: What’s next?

PHILLIP: A tenth-anniversary edition of my book The Race to Save the Lord God Bird will be published this summer. Then, next spring, my World War Two book will appear.


  • LISTEN to Phillip Hoose Read and Discuss Moonbird at
  • LISTEN to Phillip Hoose Interviewed on Public Radio
  • LISTEN to Phillip Hoose Interviewed on Utah Public (Radio West, KUER )
  • READ an Interview with Phillip Hoose on Philadelphia Inquirer
  • READ an Interview with Phillip Hoose on Publishers Weekly

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